Yakal is the name given to various Hopea and Shorea species from the Philippines, including Shorea astylosa. Forest taxes. The wood is generally very heavy, hard and durable. Manila is the principal lumber and timber market for domestic consumption. About 50,000 persons are employed in the lumber industry. Alnus glutinosa. The principal trees are talisai, Terminalia catappa; dapdap, Erythrina variegata var. Timber production is already approaching prewar size, that during the fiscal year ending 30 June 1948 being 3,610,000 m3 ® (797,100,000 bd. Almost all of the technical men in the bureau, around 80 percent of the present personnel, are graduates of the School of Forestry. This vast area of unproductive land is largely the result of forest destruction by shifting cultivation, domestically known as kaingin. ft.). The first exports went mainly to the United States, China, and Japan. 6. Working Plans2. Bangkirai is the Indonesian name for Yakal. Home-invading termites prefer soft, rotting, or fungus-infested wood with high moisture content. This is particularly true of the fishery resources. ft.) of lumber, or a total of 446,000 m3 (s) (189,000,000 bd. In 1941, there were 1,471 pasture permits, covering 119,000 hectares. Some are agricultural lands, others are forest lands. Rot Resistance: Narra has good weathering characteristics and is typically very durable regarding decay resistance. Branchlets are rather slender, blackish, and slightly hairy. Top 10 Most Strongest Wood In The World Wood, as a material, may have its hardness quantified using the Janka rating; the enterprise standard score. High-Grade lumber, yakal can endure severe hot and cold weather conditions. Smoking Mt. One of the major problems of Philippine forestry is the utilization of some 5,270,000 hectares of wastelands, a large portion of which is covered with cogon grass, Imperata exaltada. It's cheaper and heavier because it has higher moisture content than kiln-dried wood. Dry Weight: 68 … A number of field experts from FAO and the United States have been sent to help in Philippine rehabilitation. Since then, up to the outbreak of World War II, lumber and timber exports increased considerably and lumber imports correspondingly decreased. One or more renewals of a license may be granted, provided the combined number of years covered by the original license and its subsequent renewals shall not exceed 50 years. The annual allowable cut therefore is 1.5 percent of the total volume of available or merchantable timber. In addition, a reforestation tax on all timber cut in public forests for commercial purposes is collected at the rate of P0.50 for every cubic meter of the first and second groups, and P0.40 for the third and fourth groups. Availability. If there are only a handful of trees of a particular species left in the world, that makes them incredibly rare. Rehabilitation of these projects was a grave concern of the Government, which was straitened by loss of its source of funds, the prewar excise tax. Total annual timber products snowballed from 94,000 m3 (s) (40 million bd. For timber in the first group, a charge of P3.50 for every cubic meter is collected by the Government, P2.00 for the second group, P1.25 for the third group, and P0.60 for the fourth group. Real manggachapui is fine-textured, straight-grained, hard and heavy, white when fresh, but upon exposure to the sun it changes to a dark reddish-yellow. Its leaves are used for thatch, its sap for the manufacture of vinegar, alcohol, wine, and sugar. The hardest and strongest member of the lauan family is yakal. ft.) of lumber, principally from the United States, was imported during that year. During the fiscal year 1940-1941, just before World War II, there were in force 19 long-term timber licenses and 1,189 ordinary timber licenses, or a total of 1,208 licenses, with a total production of 2,221,000 m3 (s) (941,600,000 bd. Arch 172: Properties of Wood The wood consists of rows of tube‐like cells, or fibres, bonded together along their outer surfaces with lignin, a glue‐like substance. Scientific Name: Pterocarpus soyauxii. WOOD USES: The timber is used as giam for construction works requiring strong and durable wood, such as bridges and wharves. For the fiscal year 1947-1948, the total lumber output was 788 000 m3 (s) (334 million bd. The 2nd type is kiln-dried wood which is lighter and a little more expensive but is less prone to decay since it has less moisture in it. DRYING. 123.56 (g) MOE. Branchlets are rather slender, blackish, and slightly hairy. While the heartwood is not susceptible to termite attacks, sapwood positively is. Manila Zoo, Pasig River, and 23 more PH places re-envisioned, Tropical Architecture for the 21st Century Volume 1, BluPrint’s First Book Venture: Blueprints for 2050. Did you spot something we need to update? As a rule, rainfall and humidity are high. COLOR. BANGKIRAI (Shorea laevis) General. Durable. As provided in the license, the diameter limit for cutting is, according to species groups, as follows: Species of the first group, 60 centimeters; those of a second group, 40 centimeters; and all dipterocarp species like apitong, lauan, tangile, etc., 50 centimeters, except yakal and guijo, which belong to the first group. ft.) (log scale). About 1,300,000 hectares are suitable for grazing. DRYING. It handles all questions of forest land status, including claims and registration, all forms of occupancy and use of public forest lands, the work pertaining to grazing, conservation and administration of game and other forms of wildlife. A license is nonnegotiable and nontransferable. As for the comparison between eucalyptus and acacia wood for outdoor furniture, you’ll find that eucalyptus ends up more durable and closer in quality to teak. Among the most important are firewood, charcoal, palm products, cutch and tanbarks, fibers, resins, gums, oils, rubber and gutta-percha, beeswax, and medicinal plants. Dry Wood Borers - Heartwood durable Termites - Class D - Durable (see "Bangkirai and Merbau Termite Resistance") Treatability Bangkirai wood is difficult to treat. Eucalyptus Cladocalyx is a yellowish and very hard plantation species (can be sourced as FSC® Certifed) often used as replacement for Yakal and similar hard and durable species. Scientific Breakthroughs (1), Red lauan, Shorea negrosensis; (2) Tangile, Shorea polysperma; (3) Mayapie, Shorea kalunti; (4) White lauan, Pentacme contorta. The imports consisted mainly of lumber and timber for special purposes. Especially good for houses, as it withstands almost any climatic condition. Acer saccharum. With the adoption of concrete foundations, even woods of moderate durability can be expected to last for many years. These sawmills have an aggregate daily capacity of 5,220 m3 (s) (2,212,000 bd. BINTANGOR. Midmountain and Mossy Type. Communal Forests and Pastures. MDL is widely used in the cabinet industry and is durable, water-resistant and low maintenance. Game & Wildlife, 1. The yellow variety is more common and more readily obtainable than the red. Properly treated, apitong is the equal in durability of molave, dungon, Tarrietia sylvatica, ipil, and yakal for structures exposed to the weather and is superior to any of these for saltwater piling. Bandsaw mills were installed collegiate degrees the main source of raw materials for the cutting, collecting, true. Studies made were completely lost and disposable, ( a ) provincial Districts! ; kalunti, S. kalunti ; and mayapis, S. kalunti ; banuyo. 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